Pet Insurance Explained

Owning a pet is a very rewarding experience but it is also a lifelong financial responsibility. Many pets become ill or are injured and there is no National Health Service them, so an emergency visit to a veterinary practice with a sick or injured pet could be quite expensive and for this reason vets and nurses recommend pet insurance.

One of the most distressing situations pet owners and veterinary professionals find themselves in, is when a pet’s problem is curable but the cost of treatment is too expensive and owners just cannot afford to have the treatment carried out; it is truly heart breaking when we have to put a predominantly healthy animal to sleep.


Advancement of our understanding of medical conditions and expanding IT and technical developments mean that veterinary science can and does offer more care options for your pet than ever before. This however does come at a cost and veterinary practices must continue to update and enhance their equipment and facilities in line with these exacting standards and the expectations of the pet-owning public. Add to this the cost of employing highly trained professional staff and managing an organisation that is committed to providing care for your pet day and night, 365 days of the year and you begin to appreciate the expense and complexity of running your local veterinary practice. Vets will always put the patient’s’ needs first, but it is a fact of life that this care will cost money and it is not realistic to expect good standards of care for our pets to be any less costly to provide than private medical care for ourselves.

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Do You Need Pet Insurance For Your Cat?

Pet insurance is sometimes labelled as a waste of money by non-pet owners, but if you’ve ever had to take your cat to the vet for more than just a routine booster vaccination or flea treatment, you will know how expensive some treatments can be, especially if they are unplanned.

For some owners having pet insurance may also mean the difference between affording basic medical treatment for their cat and being able to afford tests, investigations and even referral for a specialised surgical procedure for their cat’s condition.

Ultimately the decision about whether to get your cat insured or not is up to you as a pet owner. You need to ask yourself if you can afford to pay for veterinary treatment easily, or if you will struggle to find the money to cover emergency or ongoing treatment.

buster collar

What Pet Insurance Covers

Most pet insurance companies cover all types of illnesses, problems and injuries, unless they are present before the policy is taken out.

Read the small print carefully – The number one reason I see for insurance companies declining claims is owners not understanding exactly what their pet is covered for and what might be excluded on the insurance policy.

If your pet has had any illness or problem prior to you taking out the pet insurance, it is likely to be excluded from the policy, this could include something as basic as an episode of diarrhoea which may then lead to an exclusion of anything to do with the gastrointestinal tract! Often if it was as simple as a tummy upset due to stress of a new home (kittens) or changing the food you feed and your cat has had no issues since, you can ask your vet to write to the insurance company to explain this and hopefully get your cat full cover again.

The insurance policy is unlikely to cover your cat for routine or elective treatment, which may include flea treatment, worming, vaccinations (although some companies do offer vaccination vouchers),nail clipping, neutering, anal gland emptying (unless there is a specific cause), pregnancy complications or related illnesses, food (although some companies may cover certain prescription veterinary diets). Many veterinary practices offer pet health clubs for you to spread the cost of routine and preventative health care treatments.

Types Of Pet Insurance Policies

Having the right pet insurance policy can make all the difference if the unexpected should happen. You need to pick the policy that suits you best and it is a really good idea to shop around and compare several different policies before you commit to anything.  Essentially there are four main types of policy available (with a few variations), so it is important that you understand what type of policy you are buying and what it will cover.

  1. Lifelong Cover Policy – This policy usually offers a fixed amount of money to cover veterinary fees for each year and then reinstates this amount when the policy is renewed each year. For example, if your cat were to develop hyperthyroidism in later life, he or she would be covered for this condition for the rest of his/her life up to the stated amount yearly. These policies are usually available in maximum claimable amounts per year from £1000 up to £12000 depending on your chosen cover level. This type of policy can be expensive but it is generally considered to be the best type because it will cover conditions for the duration of your pet’s lifetime.
  2. Monetary Limit Policy – This type of policy offers a maximum monetary limit on the amount paid out for each condition. This means that you can claim for a condition until you reach the maximum limit for that particular condition.  For example, if your pet developed hyperthyroidism and your maximum monetary limit was £4000, you can claim for as many years as it takes to reach this amount. However, once this limit has been reached, the hyperthyroidism condition would then be excluded from your insurance. This type of policy is generally less expensive than the first type, but you need to remember that once you have reached the maximum monetary limit your pet will no longer be covered for that particular condition.
  3. Maximum Monetary And Time Limit Policy – This type of policy has a maximum monetary limit per condition AND a maximum time limit that a condition can be claimed for (usually 12 months from its onset).  Once the maximum monetary OR time limit has been reached the condition will no longer be covered. This is commonly referred to as a 12 month policy. This type of policy is often inexpensive to purchase but won’t cover lifetime conditions.
  4. Accident Only Policy – This type of policy provides cover for veterinary treatment after an accident, but not for illnesses or ongoing conditions. There is usually a monetary limit per claim and some policies may also have a time limit for the treatment.

Insurance Excess Fees

An excess is the part of a claim that you have to pay yourself for each different condition. Different companies will apply differing amounts of excess so you will need to check this with them.

  • Annual Excess – If a single, ongoing condition spans two or three policy years, the excess will be deducted from the initial claim and then on each policy renewal date.
  • Fixed Excess – Companies deduct a fixed amount of money regardless of how much your claim is for. For example, if your excess is £50 per condition you would only have to pay that amount regardless of whether you claim for £100 or £3000 for example.
  • Percentage Excess – This is where your excess is based on a percentage of your claim (usually after a fixed excess minimum has been applied), so the more you claim the higher your excess will be. These are usually fixed somewhere between 10% and 35% depending on your policy. It is not unusual for an insurance company to add a percentage excess into a policy when an animal reaches senior age.

An excess fee can vary depending your pets age, where you live or if you have opted to pay a bigger excess to reduce the annual insurance cost. Most insurance companies will charge you an excess for each condition you claim for, so if you are claiming for two different conditions you will have to pay two excesses. Talk to the insurance adviser and try to get an idea of how much your excess will be and if it may increase as your pet ages.

What To Look Out For When Buying Pet Insurance

  • Read the small print! I cannot stress this enough – You need to do this in order to know exactly what you are buying into and exactly what it will cover. If you are unsure about what anything means, then please speak to the insurance company or give us a call at the practice and we will try to help you.
  • As with most types of insurance you get what you pay for, so it pays to shop around and get the best policy you can afford.
  • Do your homework and make sure you are taking out the right policy with the right company – unlike home and car insurance once you pick a company you will be with them for a long time. Remember that if you cat has any illnesses or problems while you are insured with one company, those problems will likely be excluded if you ever change to a different insurance company.
  • Cat insurance costs can vary from as little as £5.00 up to £40.00 per month, depending on what species, breed and age of pet you are insuring and what type of policy you are taking out. Be aware that some breeds of cat are likely to cost more than others to insure, for example breeds with known inherited conditions (e.g. heart disease, skin problems or respiratory problems)
  • Be wary of insurance companies that offer a ‘lifetime policy’ but cap the yearly amount you can claim for at a ridiculously low amount –  A claimable limit of £6000 per year sounds great, but when you read the small print and it says only £500 per condition per year, you could be stuck with a huge bill if your pet needs expensive specialist surgery or ongoing medications.
  • Some insurance companies may exclude or place a monetary limit on things like dentistry, MRI scans, referrals, malignant cancers, benign cancers, cruciate injury repairs and even laboratory and hospitalisation fees, so make sure you check out these things too.
  • Some insurance companies now have a ‘preferred referral network’ which means that if your vet needs to refer your cat for specialist treatment and it is not to one of the referral vets on your insurance company’s preferred list, you may be charged £200 extra (which will normally be deducted from your claim). This has annoyed many vets because they would often prefer to refer a sick pet to a more local referral centre or one that they feel has a vet more equipped to deal with the pet’s specific problem.
  • Try to find out how much your excess is likely to go up by on a yearly basis and if your insurance company will also add a percentage excess once your cat reaches a certain age. It is a good idea to make sure you always have enough money put aside to cover an excess fee. Remember that if there is a percentage excess on your policy the amount you have to pay can be quite high, for example 15% of a £500 vet bill is only £75, but 15% of a £2000 vet bill can mean you have to pay £300 yourself.
  • Ask your friends about their experiences with insurance companies and what happened when they made a claim – Was it dealt with quickly?, Did they pay out the expected amount?, Were there any complications?. It is also a good idea to look at reviews online.
  • Check whether your veterinary practice do direct claims with the insurance company you are interested in (where the insurance company pays the vet directly, rather than you paying the vet and then claiming back from the insurance company). If they don’t, it may mean that they have had bad experiences with that particular insurance company in the past.
  • Remember that once you have made a claim for a specific condition, if you decide to change your insurance company that condition will usually be excluded by the new company, so you are going to be tied in for a while.


Direct Insurance Claims

This is the term used for when you ask your pet insurance company to pay your vet directly, rather than you paying your vet and waiting for the insurance company to pay you.

Veterinary practices do not have to offer a direct claim service but most do as it is easier for their clients, however many practices will set a minimum amount at which you are able to start a direct insurance claim. You will have to sign a claim form to authorise direct payment to your vet, produce a copy of your insurance policy documents and you may need to sign a document saying that you agree to pay for any costs (or the full cost) that your insurance company does not cover.

You will have to pay your insurance excess fee (plus any percentage of costs that are part of your excess), to your veterinary practice and, of course, any costs that your insurance company decides not to cover. Most practices will also charge an administration fee for this service, but it does mean that you don’t have to come up with the full amount yourself.

Rabbit vet
Rabbits may be cheap to buy as pets, but veterinary treatment can be costly

Other useful information

  1. The cost of your cat’s treatment should be exactly the same as the cost of an uninsured cat’s treatment. Your veterinary practice must never charge more than they usually would just because a pet is insured.
  2. Your veterinary practice cannot recommend pet insurers to you unless they have had training from a particular insurance company.
  3. Your insurance company has the right to ask for your cats medical history from your vet and that your vet must provide it when asked. You must make sure that you tell your insurance company about any pre-existing conditions when you take out your policy. Your veterinary practice must declare any pre existing or related conditions when they complete the claim form or if asked by an insurance company.
  4. Your vet may charge you an administration fee for processing a direct claim and your insurance company is unlikely to cover this cost.
  5. Some insurance companies allow the veterinary practice to send claim forms electronically for a faster service, so it is worth asking your practice if they can do this.
  6. It is your responsibility as the owner of the animal to pay for any treatment not covered by your pet insurance policy.
  7. When the insurance administrator at your veterinary practice (this will a usually be a nurse and not a your vet!) completes an insurance claim form it is unfortunately not just as simple as signing the bottom of the form and each claim takes time. Large practices will have a very high volume of claims to deal with and these will often be done as and when someone gets time away from nursing and treating sick patients, so it may take a few weeks for an insurance claim to be processed.

As a qualified veterinary nurse who has worked in practice treating patients and dealing with pet insurance for longer than I care to admit, I completely understand that pet insurance can be very confusing to some owners (not to mention nurses and vets!), so hopefully this article has explained pet insurance and made things a bit clearer. Please feel free to post any questions you may have that I haven’t covered and I will do my best to get back to you as soon as I can.

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11 thoughts on “Pet Insurance Explained

  1. Pingback: Pet Insurance Explained | LondonBiz WordPress Blog

  2. Pingback: Pet Insurance Explained | UK News Posts

  3. hazel says:

    Excellent post. Thanks for stressing the read the small print part. In my experience, its so so important to understand what is and isn’t covered by your policy and the insurance company is first and foremost a business which will try to squeeze money out of people if they can.

  4. Pingback: The In’s and Out’s of Veterinary Pet Insurance | Sharon Veterinary Clinic

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